Challenges and Opportunities of Community Based Ecotourism: The Case of Wonchi Crater Lake, South-west Shoa, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

Melkamu Abebe


Ethiopia is a country which endowed with the vast array of ecotourism resources. But, these resources are not yet well exploited by tourists and a variety of stakeholders. This thesis was conducted on Wonchi Crater Lake with the aim of identifying the main prospects, challenges and opportunities of this ecotourism. Three Kebeles surrounding Wonchi Crater Lake were purposively selected. Both the qualitative and quantitative methods were applied in collecting and analysing the data. From three kebeles, 152 sample household were selected using a simple random sampling method. In addition to survey questionnaire data collection method, KII, FGD and review of secondary sources were made. The data collected were analysed through descriptive statistics quantitatively and by narration and interpreting the meaning of words qualitatively. Descriptive result revealed that out of the total respondents, 82.2% respondents were agree to low government attention and 88.2%, 94.1%, 89.5%, 88.2% and 92.1% agree with lack of trained human power and budget, Lack of infrastructure, absence of training and awareness creation, conflict of interest over resource and low community engagement as the challenges of Wonchi Crater lake respectively. Furthermore, according to the result from descriptive analysis,  out of the total respondents 28.3%, 22.4%), 21.1%, 14.5% and 13.8% respondents were report the attractive and beautiful landscape nature of the area, presence of hot spring around the lake, attractive culture of the community, presence of government responsible bodies and good ecotourism policy as opportunities for Wonchi ecotourism development respectively. Finally, the researcher recommended that, the government organizations would provide trainings, create awareness and engage local community in management of ecotourism to develop sense of ownership and develop the Wonchi Crater Lake.

Keywords:Challenges; community based; ecotourism, opportunities; Wonchi Crater Lake

DOI: 10.7176/JTHS/65-01

Publication date:August 31st 2023

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ISSN (Paper) 2312-5187   ISSN (Online) 2312-5179

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