Non-termination of policy of bonus point for the minority groups in China’s college entrance examination based on advocacy coalition framework

Su Zhiying, Feng Feng


Policy termination is the special form of policy change, including whole termination and partial termination. The policy of bonus point to the disadvantaged groups in China’s college entrance examination has aroused much controversies in implementation process, especially whether the policy of bonus point to minorities maintains or cancels. The suggestion on policy of bonus points in the college entrance examination at the end of 2014 has abolished the rewarding policy and on the contrary maintained the preferential policy, manifesting policy of bonus points just realized partial termination. The study makes clear the key factor of influencing basic attitude is policy goals and value preferences rather than interests or institutional attributes, which form the different coalitions due to differences in beliefs, thus making the policy maintain. Support coalition and opposition coalition are the two basic coalitions. The advocacy coalition framework has strong fit in a few problems that how to explain why the policy of bonus point to minorities keeps stable, whether to terminate in the future and how to terminate it etc.. We hope to contribute to a better understanding of preferential policy in general and of the stability and change and variation, thus prompting the whole termination of bonus-point system, improving the reform of China’s college entrance examination and realization of education fairness and equality.

Keywords: Advocacy coalition framework, Policy of bonus point to minorities, Policy change, Non-termination

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5731 ISSN (Online)2225-0972

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