Educational Programmes as Key Variable Towards Change of Behavior Among Inmates in Correctional Facilities in Kenya

Solomon Gikundi Koome, Charles Misiko Wafula, Raphael Ondeko Nyonje


This study focused on influence of educational programmes on change of behavior of inmates in correctional facilities in Kenya. The study was based on the following objective; to examine how educational programmes reforms influences change of behavior of inmates in correctional facilities in Kenya. The study tested an alternate hypothesis on whether the relationship among the study variable was significant. The target population was 10,111 individuals spread as 2,953 prison officers and 7,158 inmates. From this population a sample was drawn using a formula totaling to 385 individuals who were picked for the study. The sample was spread accordingly as 112 prison officers and 273 inmates. Purposive sampling was used to select officers’ in-charge and their deputies. Twelve prison officers on duty were picked randomly from duty roster using prime numbers for focus group discussion from each prison. A separate list of long term prisoners was compiled from the records of capital offence and other offences who have served jail term of over ten years or have been in remand for ten years and then the sample size was picked in proportionate to the population in each prison institution from the list. Primary data was gathered by a semi-structured questionnaire, an interview schedule and focus group discussion from the target population. Secondary data was gathered through analyzing relevant documents. The study incorporated quantitative and qualitative approaches to process, analyze, and interpret the data. The SPSS was applied to run analyses for percentages, frequency distributions, and measures of central tendency. Descriptive statistics were computed for variable using frequencies, percentages, mean and standard deviation. Statistical tools used for inferential statistic were person’s product moment correlation(r), simple regression, multiple regression and step wise regression (R2). T –tests were used to test hypothesis in the study the results revealed that r=0.425,t=7.129, at p=0.000 <0.05,H1was confirmed and concluded that educational programmes reforms, had a statistically significant influence on change of behavior of inmates in correctional facilities in Kenya. Findings of the study are expected to be crucial to government policy makers regarding formulation and implementation of the prison reforms. The serving inmates may benefit from the improved prison environment which will be aligned with market preference and whose content may benefit the community.

Keywords: Educational programmes, change of behavior, inmates, correctional facilities.

DOI: 10.7176/PPAR/9-11-05

Publication date: November 30th 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2224-5731 ISSN (Online)2225-0972

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