Chemical and Sensory Evaluation of African Yam Bean (Sphenostylis Sternocarpa) Seed-Enriched Cassava (Manihot esculenta) Product (Pupuru)

Folayemi J. Isaac-Bamgboye, Victor N. Enujiugha, Matthew O. Oluwamukomi


This study evaluated the proximate composition, total energy values and mineral profiles of Pupuru flour blends produced from fermented cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) roots enriched with African yam bean  (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) seeds (AYBS) and sensory qualities of stiff dough meals prepared from them. African yam bean seeds were cleaned, washed with and soaked in clean water for 24 h, manually dehulled, rinsed, cooked for about 45 min, rinsed, dried in an oven at 60 oC for 5 h, cooled to about 30 ± 2oC, milled, sieved and added to cassava which was previously spontaneously-fermented for 96 h, toasted, cooled, milled, sieved and packaged to form Pupuru flour blends of various proportions (0:100 (P100), 5:95 (EP5), 10:90 (EP10) 15:85 (EP15) of AYB seed : cassava) and a commercial sample (CP) was used as a control. The proximate compositions indicated significant (p<0.05) reductions in moisture, fibre and carbohydrate but increased the protein, fat and ash contents and energy values of all the blends as enrichment levels with AYBS increased. Moisture (dry basis), protein, fat, fibre, ash, carbohydrate and total energy contents of the blends ranged from 6.78 - 9.26%, 3.18 - 21.74%, 2.18 – 4.98%, 2.79 - 3.57%,  2.91 – 3.93%, 59.78 - 80.26% and  364.02 - 387.20 Kcal, respectively. Mineral compositions were significantly (P<0.05) different: Sodium (143.00-187.00 mg/100g), Potassium (537.00-675.00 mg/100g), Calcium (129.30-201.50 mg/100g), Phosphorus (63.50-124.00 mg/100g), Magnesium (49.10-71.00 mg/100g), Copper (2.3-3.4 mg/100g), Manganese (1.20-21.20 mg/100g), Zinc (4.50-11.00 mg/100g), Iron (5.20-12.50 mg/100g) while lead was below detection level. All samples had good sensory scores and overall acceptability. Enrichment of Pupuru with AYBS, significantly (p<0.05) improved proximate and energy compositions, mineral profile, and sensory properties, hence, could be used to enhance food security and combat malnutrition in Africa.

Keywords: Pupuru, Cassava, African yam bean (Sphenostylis stenocarpa) seed, Malnutrition, Food security

DOI: 10.7176/FSQM/96-07

Publication date: April 30th 2020

Full Text: PDF
Download the IISTE publication guideline!

To list your conference here. Please contact the administrator of this platform.

Paper submission email:

ISSN (Paper)2224-6088 ISSN (Online)2225-0557

Please add our address "" into your email contact list.

This journal follows ISO 9001 management standard and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Copyright ©