Stability Analysis of Seed Yield of Ethiopian Caraway (Trachyspermum ammi L. Sprague ex Turrill) Genotypes in Multi-Environment Trials

Endalkachew Aklilu


Twelve Ethiopian caraway genotypes were evaluated in eight environments in Ethiopia during 2014 and 2015 under rain fed condition. The field experiment was laid out using randomized complete block design with three replications. The objective of this experiment was to select high yielding and stable Ethiopian caraway genotypes with nonparametric methods. Combined analysis of variance was performed and ten rank-based nonparametric stability parameters were measured. A pooled analysis variance for seed yield indicated that there were highly significant (P<0.001) differences for main effects of genotype, environment and their interaction. The results of principal component analysis revealed that the stability statistics and yield were classified into three groups and related to two contrasting concept of stability. In this study, TOP and rank-sum were found to be useful measures for simultaneously selecting high yield and stable cultivars. These measures selected Gondar 027-2001 and Gondar 023-2000 that gave 2254.7 Kg ha-1 and 2186.1 Kg ha-1 seed yield respectively, as stable and the National Variety Release Committee has released these genotypes as the first Ethiopian caraway varieties for production in 2017.

Keywords: Ethiopian caraway, nonparametric stability statistics

DOI: 10.7176/FSQM/97-06

Publication date:May 31st 2020

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ISSN (Paper)2224-6088 ISSN (Online)2225-0557

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