Achieving Competitive Advantage in Human Resource Management in General School District of Riyadh in Saudi Arabia

Taghreed M. Al dakeel, Mohamed A. Almannie


The general school district of Riyadh is one of largest in the country of (45) school districts in Saudi Arabia. The school districts play an important roles in the development of education, therefore the objective of the study is to examine the roles of the management in the school districts to see if it is achieving competitive advantage. After the analysis of (226) respondents , the study revealed  that there are three of nine dimensions of human resource management in the study with low  recruiting human resources, motivation of human resources, services and public relations ( mean of 2.35 of 5.00), and moderate degree in salaries, work analysis, description and design, performance assessment, planning of  human recourses, and training and developing of human resources ( mean of 2.70 of 5.00), But the degree of overall of these roles of human resource management is blow the average(mean =2.53). The result of the study indicate that the General School District of Riyadh is not in a position to be  competitive in human resource management with other school districts in Saudi Arabia or with  the international level. The school district of Riyadh needs to put great efforts in development of management of human resources to achieve competitive advantages by training school district superintendent and human resource manager. The study has implication for other school districts in Saudi Arabia and for many developing countries with centralized system in education. It also highlighted the challenges facing  lack of regulation related to human resources management, and the absence of many of human resources management the lack of integrated management of competent human resources, lack of specialists in human resource management, and the most important is deficiencies in many of the functions of human resources and lack of incentives and training.

Keywords: human resource management, competitive advantage, school district, Saudi Arabia developing countries.

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