The Representation of Islamic Teaching in The Novels by Habiburrahman El Shirazy (The Study of Literary Sociology and Education Values)



The study aims to explain the representation of Islamic teaching in the nonvels of AAC dan KCB which contain faith teaching, sharia (religious and muamalah), and the morals; the author sociology inside the Novels of AAC and KCB; socio-cultural aspects of Islam that are in the Novels of AAC and KCB; the reader sociology inside the Novels of AAC and KCB, and the education values delivered by the AAC and KCB novels.

The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative. The data sources include documents (Novel AAC and KCB works Habiburrahman El Shirazy) and informants (religious scholar, literary experts, education professionals, and the public audience of literature). The data collection technique using content analysis of documents and in-depth interviews. The footage is using purposive sampling technique. The validity test of the data is using triangulation methods, triangulation of data sources, and review of informants. The analysis is using literary techniques to analyze the sociological study the representation of Islamic teaching in the novels of AAC and KCB, social conditions of Islamic culture in the novels of AAC and KCB, and the ideology of the author contained in AAC and KCB novels, and the reader sociology inside the Novels of AAC and KCB. The technique of data analysis used the interactive model to explain education values.

The study results showed that (1) The novels of AAC and KCB contained high Islamic teachings which consists of belief (ilahiyat, ruhaniyat, nubuwat, dan sam’iyat), sharia (religious/ mahdah, ghairu mahdah and the muamalah), and morals (mahmudah/ noble-madzmumah/ reprehensible). Among these three things, the portion of morals is more turned than the sharia and Islamic faith. This is because in a lot of the dialogue in the novel and the day-to-day relationships between the characters that represent the ideology of the author. (2) the author Islamic ideology is influenced by the Shafi'i madhhab and Hanafi madhhab. (3) the social aspects of Islam represented by the characters, especially the main character retains his religious ideals but still able to socialize well with others, even with people of other faiths. While aspects of Islamic culture includes cultural aspects of Islam in AAC novel grouped into two, namely the Egyptian culture conditions and the condition of Indonesian culture. The Egyptian culture conditions contained in AAC novel in which the nature of the Egyptian people are easily angered, read the Koran in public places, bed morning after morning prayers, food and drink of the Egyptians, the metro as a means of public transportation, the inter-religious harmony, the wedding traditions , and the apartment as a residence. As for the condition of Indonesian culture in which bancakan tradition; the simple nature of Javanese women, her loyal to her husband, and care for the family; and the government's stance of RI is less firmly against the citizens abroad. The cultural aspects of Islam that are in the novel of KCB are the food of Egyptians, the traditions of propose, find a mate, the love management, respect for clerics, scholars simplicity in Egypt, and the married of lusan. (4) the novels of  KCB and AAC provide high impact and benefit to the reader, especially with related to the teachings of Islam. (5) the novels of AAC and KCB contains the values ??of character education which can be taught to students/students of university. The values are respect the guests, maintaining the harmony with neighbors, make respect and gentle to women, do not be replicated defamatory. While the character education values ??contained in the KCB novel in which the responsible for the family, find a mate with the right path, the divorce which does not have to be imitated, respect and cherish women.

The Keywords: the representation, the Islamic teaching, sociology of literature, education values

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