Investigation of Fungal Contamination in Local and Imported Nuts Which Displayed in Markets of Diyala , Iraq

Rabab Majead Abed


This study aimed to investigation the fungal contamination in local and imported Nuts which processed for human consuming that have been collected from local markets in Diyala – Iraq . The study showed that 8 from 11 Nuts product were contaminated with fungi and bacteria , The total fungal isolates were 48 isolate belong to 3 fungi Genus which were Aspergillus niger , Penicillium spp and  Rhizoctonia spp , The number of fungal isolates were 26 isolate of Penicillium spp , 18 isolate of Aspergillus niger and 4 isolate of Rhizoctonia spp . The occurrence percentage of  Aspergillus niger ranged from 50 % to 20 % , for Penicillium spp ranged from 100% to 50% and for Rhizoctonia spp the occurrence was 80% in one sample only , Each of Aspergillus niger and Penicillium spp were occurrence in all tested samples except one sample which was contain Rhizoctonia spp fungus only . Also this study showed that local Nuts products were less fungal contamination than imported Nuts products .

Keyword: Nuts , Aspergillus niger , Penicillium spp , Fungal contamination

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ISSN (Paper)2224-6088 ISSN (Online)2225-0557

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