Factors Affecting Hot Pepper Production: The Case of Gursum District, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

Ibsa Aliyi Usmane


Hot pepper is one of the vegetable crops which serves as spices, vegetables, cash crop and ensures food security as a result of its income generating crop. But this crop is devastating by different factors which reduce its production and quality. Therefore, this study intended to undertake factors affecting hot pepper production in Gursum district with the objectives of identifying factors affecting hot pepper production, and analyze linkages of its production with the household’s expenditures. The study used 150 households as sample respondents and collected primary data from them and secondary data from secondary sources, then analyzed data by mean, percentage and frequency. As a result, the finding shows that the factor affect the production of hot pepper are  low price, second disease, lack of improved seed, lack of pesticide, knowledge management, lack of market access, lack of land and others like bird attack respectively. Moreover, the finding linked hot pepper production with household expenditures and found household expenses their income from hot pepper on purchasing grain, school fees, clothing, health care, festivities and others like dowry respectively. Therefore, the government and other stakeholder should focus on negotiating the market price of hot pepper and other factors hindering hot pepper production.

Keywords: Hot pepper, Gursum, cash crop

DOI: 10.7176/FSQM/87-04

Publication date:May 31st 2019

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ISSN (Paper)2224-6088 ISSN (Online)2225-0557

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