Using Contingency Management Technique in the Reduction of Truancy among Secondary School Students

Josephine A. Oliha, Vivian E.I Audu


The study investigated the effect of contingency management techniques in reducing truancy among secondary school students. Four (4) null hypotheses guided the research. The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The sample consisted of 50 truants aged 12 - 18 years old selected purposively from four senior secondary schools in Benin metropolis in Edo state, Nigeria. The design was experimental pre-test post-test control group. Data were collected using students’ truancy behaviour (STBS) and introversion extroversion scale (IF.S). The data were analyzed using a t-test statistics. Results indicated that contingency management techniques led to significant reduction of truancy in students; treatment was effective for both male and female irrespective of home structure and personality. Based on the findings, a major recommendation in this study is that counsellors and teachers should be trained to use contingency management techniques in reducing truancy among students.

Keywords: contingency management, truancy, family structure, students, Personality.

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