Policy Framework for Inclusion of Technology in Preschool Education in Kenya: Stakeholders’ Views

Odundo, Paul Amolloh, Ganira, Khavugwi Lilian, Boniface Ngaruiya


Inclusion of Information and communications technology, (ICT) in preschool education through formal policy framework forms a foundation for ensuring effective introduction and implementation into educational institutions. Effective policy frameworks convey meaningful relationships between objectives and organizational functions therefore discouraging divergence from planned courses of action. In countries where policy priorities in ICT exists in early childhood education (ECE) sector, learning through web use plays a crucial role in attaining knowledge, educational success, and social equity. However, in Kenya, policy and curriculum support for development of ICT in ECE sector has lagged behind. With inadequate policy frameworks and support, early childhood educators are likely to make own decisions about the nature and extent of ICT use in children’s learning. This study examined policy frameworks for inclusion of technology in preschool education. A critical case sampling strategy was employed to select 10 key ECE policy stakeholders.  Interviews for policy stakeholders and questionnaires for preschool teachers were used as instruments for data collection. Qualitative data were analyzed through transcription process, and theme identification. The study revealed that there are no institutionalized policy, curriculum guidelines and resources on integration of ICT in ECE programmes. Most of the participating stakeholders 90% felt that there was need for a national policy to guide inclusion of technology in ECE programmes, while100% of the participants  felt that inclusion of technology in ECE programmes require adequate infrastructure including electricity, classrooms, ICT resources funds and manpower. The study recommends the Ministry of Education and policy makers to come out strongly to support curriculum guidelines for integration of ICT in preschool education.

Key words: Inclusion, Information and communications technology, preschool, policy frame work

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